Nowadays, many high school students are dropping out. According to ASCD (Associate for Supervision and curriculum Development), approximately one-third of all high school students in the United States fail to graduate. The dropouts in the study identified five major reasons for leaving school. They were bored with school (47 percent); had missed too many days and could not catch up (43 percent); spent time with people who were not interested in school (42 percent); had too much freedom and not enough rules in their lives (38 percent); and were failing (35 percent). A majority of students said that they were not motivated to work hard, but that they would have worked harder had their teachers demanded more. Seventy percent believed that they could have graduated if they had tried. There are many factors that put a student at risk to dropping out of school. However, research has consistently indicated the following risk factors as variables that lead to a student dropping out of school:
Lack of Parent Engagement – some parents don’t hold high aspirations for their child’s educational attainment, their child will not see the purpose of staying in or doing well in school.
If parents are engaged early in the child’s educational career the child is more likely to be successful in school. Educational support (both financial and emotional) from parents is key to a child being successful and staying in school. The parent’s interest and investment in their child’s education shows the child that education is important. This consequently increases the child’s likelihood of having good academic performance.
Family Economic Needs – because of poverty, some students from lower socioeconomic status can’t provide their needs in school. This factor leads a student to drop out.
What could help to prevent students dropping is out is to improve communication between parents and schools. Fewer than half of students said that their schools contacted them or their parents when they were absent or had dropped out. Make school more engaging through real-world, experiential learning. Students want to see the connection between school and work.


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